Demographic Transition Estimating in Constructing New Cities By Using GIS Applications to Support Development Process in Egypt


Session:

Poster Session

Poster no.02

Author: Dalia Galal ElAbady (Central Agency for public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), Cairo, Egypt)
Abstract:

Small area estimation is any of several statistical techniques involving the estimation of parameters for small sub-populations, generally used when the sub-population of interest is included in a larger survey. The term “small area” in this context generally refers to a small geographical area such as a district, zone or city. It may also refer to a “small domain”, i.e. a particular demographic within an area. GIS applications are a supporting strategic planning process for effective urban governance in sustainable development projects in Egypt, and to estimate the complex problems of urbanization, unplanned and negative impacts on facilities, services and environment of new-cities in developing countries.
GIS is much more than just a computer mapping device; it is a set of principles, methods, and tools that can be used to capture, store, transform, analyse, model, simulate, and display spatial and non-spatial data; the paper’s objective is to evaluate the achieving of the Governmental Goals for constructing new cities which develops the capacity and the empowerment of management tools to interface the complex problems of urbanization, in New Cairo city? As a sample of new cities that had been constructed in Egypt. The paper depends on the exclusively cartographic Survey of Egypt done by CAPMAS in 2015, All maps produced by ArcGIS 10.1 software and Processing of Geographic data base to produce the final Thematic maps done by researcher, constructing an MCDM index for evaluating the achieving of the governmental goals according to their weights. In this paper, contribution of geographic information systems in the formulation of the objectives of constructing new cities as a small area estimator of strategic planning alternatives with general outlines could be summarized in: The main results of the analytical process within the GIS applications and the governmental goals due to the data captured from the field survey, and will re-analysed the main results with advanced geo-processing tool that builds and executes analytical models to support the demographic transition traced for population reside there; Maps provides a description of the size and quality of infrastructure, linking these data and information by population size and areas they serve, so that numbers can be obtained with clear evidence. In general, the data are collected to represent the current situation of public facilities, roads, traffic and transportation networks, systems, current and future requirements and opportunities; uses of buildings, heights and condition within a study of some demographic features, distribution of population densities.

Keywords: GIS Applications, MCDM Index, New Cairo City, Governmental Goals.